How to learn English effectively

It can be difficult to learn English as an adult – unless you have the right teacher or course. Most times, adults who want to learn English want to learn it very quickly. Click to read more...

How to Start a Conversation

For some beginners, start a conversation maybe really tough. As a beginner you need to know the basic of conversation, and here are I provide some basic question to help you start speaking English. Click to read more...

How to Understand Newspaper Headlines

Many students have difficulty understanding newspaper headlines. Here is a guide to the most common exceptions found in newspaper headlines. Click to read more...

Paragraph Writing

There are four sentence types used to construct a paragraph: 1) Topic sentence, 2) Supporting sentences, 3) Concluding sentence, 4) Transitional sentence. Click to read more...

Common Mistake

As a beginner make some mistakes is a natural thing. This is some example of common mistake. Click to read more...

Senin, 09 April 2012

Dialouge: Move to the City

Dialouge: Move to the City

Dion: How do you like living in the big city?
Rini: There are many things that are better than living in the country!

Dion: Can you give me some examples?
Rini: Well, it certainly is more interesting than the country. There is so much more to do and see!

Dion: Yes, but the city is more dangerous than the country.
Rini: That's true. People in the city aren't as open and friendly as those in the countryside.

Dion: I'm sure that the country is more relaxed, too!
Rini: Yes, the city is busier than the country. However, the country is much slower than the city.

Dion: I think that's a good thing!
Rini: Oh, I don't. The country is so slow and boring! It's much more boring than the city.

Dion: How about the cost of living? Is the country cheaper than the city?
Rini: Oh, yes. The city is more expensive than the country.

Dion: Life in the country is also much healthier than in the city.
Rini: Yes, it's cleaner and less dangerous in the country. But, the city is so much more exciting. It's faster, crazier and more fun than the country.

Dion: I think YOU are crazy for moving to the city.
Rini: Well, I'm young now. Maybe when I'm married and have children I'll move back to the country.

Minggu, 08 April 2012


There are a number of phrases that are commonly used to introduce strangers.

(name), I don't think you've met (name).
I don't think you know (name)
May I introduce you to (name)
(name), do you know (name)?
(name), I'd like you to meet (name)

When you meet someone the first time, it is common to greet the person with "How do you do?" the correct response is "How do you do." Here is a short introductory conversation:

Ken: Peter, I'd like you to meet Mary.
Peter: How do you do?
Mary: How do you do.
Ken: Mary works for ...

A variation is also "It's a pleasure to meet you." or "Pleased to meet you."

Ken: Peter, I'd like you to meet Mary.
Peter: It's a pleasure to meet you.
Mary: How do you do.
Ken: Mary works for ...

Ken: Peter, I'd like you to meet Mary.
Peter: How do you do?
Mary: Pleased to meet you.
Ken: Mary works for ...

In informal situations, especially in North America, introductions are also made simply saying: "This is (name)." It is also common to just say "Hi" or "Hello" as a response in this informal setting.

Ken: Peter, this is Mary.
Peter: How do you do?
Mary: Pleased to meet you.
Ken: Mary works for ...

It is also quite common to shake hands when you are introduced. After the initial introduction, hand shaking generally takes place in more formal, business situations. Otherwise, people just say "Hi."

Dialouge: Sports

Dialouge: Sports

(in the Traditional Restaurant, two friends speaking)

Dini: Oh, this is lovely. Would you like to try some?
Naomi: No thanks, Dini. I'm really enjoying my Sate!

Dini: So, do you want to play badminton this weekend?
Naomi: I'm afraid I can't play badminton.

Dini: NO, are you joking me? I'm sure you can play badminton. EVERYBODY can play badminton.
Naomi: Well, I can't. BUT I can play golf.

Dini: Really, I can play golf, too. - but not very well.
Naomi: I have an idea. Why don't we play badminton this weekend and then next weekend golf?

Dini: OK, that's a good idea. You don't play badminton - I don't play golf. We both can learn a new sport!
Naomi: That's it. I think it's a brilliant idea!

Dini: Now, tell me about your new job. When do you start?
Naomi: Next week. I'm in the accounting department. I make telephone calls to the banks, check the accounts, keep records... that sort of thing.

Susan: It sounds like an excellent job.
Naomi: How is your job?

Dini: Oh, it's OK. It's boring. I work at the computer all day long, each and every day at the computer.
Naomi: I'm sure it isn't so bad!

Travel Greetings

Here are a number of phrases used when saying goodbye to friends or family as the depart on trips, both short and long.

Long Trips, Vacations, etc. American English

Have a good trip.
Enjoy your vacation.
Have a good time in (destination)

Long Trips, Vacations, etc. British English

Have a good journey.
Enjoy your holidays.
Have a good time in (destination)

Special Days

It is common to use a special greeting used just for that occasion on special days, holidays and other special occasions. Here are some of the most common:


Happy birthday!
Best wishes / Good luck on your thirtieth (age - use an ordinal number) birthday!
Many happy returns!

Wedding / Anniversary

Best wishes / good luck on your tenth (number - use an ordinal number) anniversary!
Here's to many more happy years together (used when making a toast)

Special Holidays

Happy Ied!

Merry Christmas!
Happy New Year / Easter / Hanukkah / Ramadan etc.
All the best for a happy New Year / Easter / Hanukkah / Ramadan etc.

When making special greetings to children on their birthday and at Christmas, it is also common to ask them what they received:

Happy Ied!
Happy Birthday! What did your Daddy get for you?

Dialouge: What a Busy Day

Dialouge: What a Busy Day

(two friends speaking in a park when they meet each other jogging)

Aisyah: Hi, Risty, how are you today?
Risty: I'm great and you?

Aisyah: Very busy! I'm jogging now, but later I have to do a lot!
Risty: What do you have to do?

Aisyah: Well, first of all, I have to do the shopping. We don't have anything to eat at home.
Risty: ... and then?

Aisyah: Little Johnny has a soccer game this afternoon. I'm driving him to the game.
Risty: Oh, how is his team doing?

Aisyah: They're doing very well. Next week, they're travelling to Bali for a tournament.
Risty: That's impressive.

Aisyah: Well, Johnny likes playing soccer. I'm happy he's enjoying it. What are you doing today?
Risty: I'm not doing much. I'm meeting some friends for lunch, but, other than that, I don't have much to do today.

Aisyah: You're so lucky!
Risty: No, you're the lucky one. I'd like to have so many things to do.


Once you have been introduced to someone, the next time you see that person it is important to greet them. We also greet people as we leave people. In English (as in all languages), there are different ways to greet people in formal and informal situations.

Formal Greetings: Arriving

Good morning / afternoon / evening.
Hello (name), how are you?
Good day Sir / Madam (very formal)

Informal Greetings: Arriving

Hi / Hello
How are you?
What's up? (very informal)
How are you doing? (very informal)

It's important to note that the question "How are you?" or "What's up?" doesn't necessary need a response. If you do respond, these phrases are generally expected:

Very well, thank you. And you? (formal)
Fine / Great (informal)

Formal Greetings: Departing

Good morning / afternoon / evening.
It was a pleasure seeing you.
Note: After 8 p.m. - Good night.

Informal Greetings: Departing

Goodbye / Bye.
See you (later).
Later (very informal)